Here’s my quick and dirty guide to studying for the Instrument Rating-Airplane oral exam.
Draw an ILS approach and its components and explain how it operates
Draw a pitot static system and explain how it operates
Draw a vacuum system and explain how it operates
Draw your airplane’s electrical schematics and explain how it operated
Describe human illusions in instrument flight –– Coriolis illusion, the leans, somatogravic illusion, elevator illusion, inversion illusion.
Describe compass errors
Describe pitot/static errors
Describe an airport’s alternate minimums and takeoff minimums
Describe weather charts – area charts, prognostic charts, convective outlook charts, winds aloft forecasts.
Describe the types of VOR checks. For how long is a VOR check valid?
Describe the methods of entering a hold
Describe protocols for lost communications
What are the types of AIRMETS? Describe Airmets Sierra, Tango and Zulu
What are the three types of notams?
Describe the types of in-flight weather advisories that are available?
What are the types of fog?
What are the four basic cloud groups?
What are the stages of a thunderstorm?
Describe the requirements for maintaining currency?
Describe the types of precision vs. nonprecision approaches
Describe each segment of an instrument approach
What is a standard rate turn vs. a half-standard rate turn?
What equipment is required for IFR flight?
What inspections are required for our aircraft?
What are the required ATC readbacks?
What are the mandatory ATC reports?
What are IFR fuel requirements?
Describe reverse sensing.
What airspeed restrictions exist in a holding pattern?
What preflight checks are required for an IFR flight?
Describe the types of icing?
What anti-ice equipment do we have onboard our aircraft?
When is an instrument rating required?
Define: indicated airspeed, calibrated airspeed, true airspeed.
Describe how our gyroscopic instruments work
How many degrees of variation for a single dot represent on a receiver for an ILS approach? For a GPS approach? VOR?
Describe VOR service volumes
How can you tell when a VOR is undergoing maintenance? How do we know it’s operational?
Describe the cone of confusion
When is DME required?
What are the differences between VOR, VORTAC and TACAN?
How does GPS work?
What is WAAS?
What is the useable range of a glideslope?
Describe Obstacle Departure Procedures vs. Standard Instrument Departures
What information should be included in a position report?
Describe a contact approach vs. visual approach
Describe the difference between a Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) and Decision Altitured (DA)